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初中英语语法大全汇总初中英语语法练习题二轮复习从句

初中英语语法大全汇总初中英语语法练习题二轮复习从句
从句是相对于主句而言的,即它是从属于某一个主句,而不能单独作一个句子。在英语中,主要有三大从句,即名词性从句(包括主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句)、形容词性从句(即定语从句)、副词性从句(即状语从句,包括时间、条件、结果、目的、原因、让步、地点、方式等)。

宾语从句的复合句转化为简单句(六种方法),使其与原句意思相同(或相近)的试题。 

方法一:当主句谓语动词是hope, decide, wish, choose, agree, promise(和主观决定有关)等,且宾语从句的主语与主句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为不定式结构。例如:
Li Ming hopes he will be back very soon. →Li Ming hopes to be back very so on. 
We decided that we would help him. →We decided to help him. 

方法二:当主句谓语动 词是know, learn, remember, forget, tell(和记忆认知有关)等动词,且主句主语与从句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“ 疑问词+不定式”结构。例如:
She has forgotten how she can open the window. →She has forgotten how to open the window. 

注:当主句谓语动词是tell, ask, show, teach等动词,且后带双宾语,从句主语和间接宾语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。例如: 
Could you tell me how I can get to the station? →Could you tell me how to get to the station? 

方法三:当主句的谓语动词是order(命令),require(需要)等时,如果主句和从句的主语不一致,宾语从句可简化为“名词(代词)+不定式”结构。例如:
The headmaster ordered that w e should start at once. → The headmaster ordered us to start at once. 

方法四:某些动词后的宾语从句,可以用介词加动名词(短语)等其他形式简化。例如:
He insisted that he should go with us. →He insisted on g oing with us. 
The poor boy doesn’t know when and where he was born. →The poor boy doesn’t know the time and the place of his birth. 

方法五:某些动词后面的宾语从句可转化为“宾语+V-ing形式(作宾语补足语)”结构。例如:
Liu Ping found that there was a wallet lying on the ground. → Liu Ping found a wallet lying on the ground. 

方法六:动词seem后的宾语从句,也可以用不定式(短语)来简化,但句型需要进行适当的变化。例如 :
It seemed that the boys were going to win. →The boys seemed to win.

除上述方法外,还有一些特殊句式的转化。例如:
I found that it was difficult to learn English well. →I found it difficult to learn English well.

Soon we found that the ground was covered with thick snow. →Soon we found the ground covered with thick snow.

They found that the box was very heavy. →They fo und the box very heavy


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